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谈松华:“教育优先”要在“全面”上下功夫
【字体: 】  【编辑日期:2014-05-06 14:34】  【来源:未知】  【作者:育能高中教务处】  【点击次数:】

  

    谈松华 国家教育咨询委员会委员、中国教育发展战略学会学术委员会主任、国家教育发展研究中心研究员

“教育优先”要在“全面”上下功夫

  20shiji70niandai,lianheguojiaokewenzuzhiguojijiaoyufazhanweiyuanhuizai《xuehuishengcun——jiaoyushijiedejintianhemingtian》baogaozhongshoucitichule“jiaoyuyouxian”desixiang,zhideshizheiyangyizhongshishi:“xianzai,jiaoyuzaiquanshijiedefazhanzhengqingxiangyuxianyujingjidefazhan,zheizairenleilishishangdagaihaishidiyici。”20shiji90niandaiyilai,jiaoyubeishiweigoujianzhishijingjishehuidejibenzhizhu,bujinbeiquerenweicujinjingjizengzhangdetouzi,tongshiyishinengjijiatinghegerendailaigaozhihuibaodetouzi。jiaoyuzaixiaochupinkun、zengjiashehuibaorong、wenhuaduoyangxing、huanjingbaohu、jibenweishengbaojiandengfangmiandezuoyonggengjiabeikanzhong。lianheguojiaokewenzuzhi21shijijiaoyuweiyuanhui1996nianzai《jiaoyu——caifuyunzangqizhong》baogaozhongqiangdiao,“bajiaoyuzhiyushehuifazhandezhongxinweizhi,bingjucirenweiyingshouxianzengjiajiaoyubumendegonggongjingfei”,jianyishijiegeguobajiaoyuquedingwei21shijijingjiheshehuifazhanjihuadeyixiangyouxianrenwu,tichu“datishangshuo,guominshengchanzongzhiyongyujiaoyudebiliweidadao6%deguojia,jiaoyujingfeiwulunruhebuyingdiyuzheigebaifenbi。”

  jiaoyuxianxingsixiangzaidanshengbudao10niandeshijianbianguangfandiyingxianglewoguoxueshujiehejuececeng。1978nian,suizhedangheguojiagongzuozhongdianzhuanyidao“yijingjijiansheweizhongxin”deguidaoshanglai,jiaoyufazhanzhanlvediweiwentibiantishangjueceyishiricheng。1982nian,dangdeshierdatichuba“jiaoyuhekexue”zuoweijingjifazhandezhanlvezhongdianzhiyi;1987nian,dangdeshisandatichu“bafazhankexuejishuhejiaoyushiyefangzaishouyaoweizhi”,bingbafazhanjiaoyushiye“fangzaituchudezhanlveweizhi”;1992nian,dangdeshisidatichu“bixubajiaoyubaizaiyouxianfazhandezhanlvediwei”;1997nian,dangdeshiwudatichu“yaoqieshibajiaoyubaizaiyouxianfazhandezhanlvediwei”;2002nian,dangdeshiliudatichu“jiaoyushifazhankexuejishuhepeiyangrencaidejichu,zaixiandaihuajianshezhongjuyouxiandaoxingquanjuxingzuoyong,bixubaizaiyouxianfazhandezhanlvediwei”。2007nian,dangdeshiqidaqiangdiao“jiaoyushiminzuzhenxingdejishi,jiaoyugongpingshishehuigongpingdezhongyaojichu”,tichu“youxianfazhanjiaoyu,jiansherenliziyuanqiangguo”。2012nian,dangdeshibadaqiangdiao“jiaoyushizhonghuaminzuzhenxingheshehuijinbudejishi”,tichu“nulibanhaorenminmanyidejiaoyu”。shibadagengshicongshehuijinbuhemanzurenmingenbenxuyaojiaodu,jinyibuchanshulejiaoyudejichuxing、zhangyuanxinghuozhegenbenxingdezuoyong。

  gaigekaifangyilaidangdelicidaibiaodahuibaogaoguanyujiaoyuchanshudebuduanfengfuheshenhua,biaomingjiaoyuyouxianfazhanzhanlvediweiyijingyouchuyujingjifazhanzhanlveheweijingjizengzhangfuwudekaolv,zhuanbianweijiyushehuiquanmianjinbuherendefazhanyuquanlidezonghekaolv。jiaoyubujinzuoweirenliziyuankaifadejibentujinghepeiyuchuangxinnenglidejichusheshi,weixiandaihuajianshefuwu;haizuoweigaishanminshengdeshehuifulihegaizaoshehuidexiandaoliliang,fahuizhecujinshehuigongping,ningjugaizaoshijieliliangfangmiandezuoyong。

  jiaoyutourushijiaoyufazhandewuzhibaozhang,shizhichengguojiazhangyuanfazhandejichuxing、zhanlvexingtouzi,shipingjiajiaoyuxianxingyufoudezhongyaobiaochi。2013nian9yue,xijinpingzongshujizailianheguo“jiaoyudiyi”quanqiuchangyixingdongyizhounianjinianhuodongshangdeshipinhecizhongzhichu,“zhongguojiangjiandingshishikejiaoxingguozhanlve,shizhongbajiaoyubaizaiyouxianfazhandezhanlveweizhi,buduankuodatouru,nulifazhanquanminjiaoyu、zhongshenjiaoyu,jianshexuexixingshehui,nulirangmeigehaizixiangyoushoujiaoyudejihui,nulirang13yirenminxiangyougenghaogenggongpingdejiaoyu,huodefazhanzishen、fengxianshehui、zaofurenmindenengli。”2008nianquanqiujinrongweijiyilai,zaishijiegeguoxueruolexiangjiaoyujihuatigongzijindeqingkuangxia,woguozhengfu2010nianyilaijiaoyutouruzengzhangdefudumingxianzengda。2012nian,woguoguojiacaizhengxingjiaoyujingfeizhanguoneishengchanzongzhibiliwei4.28%,shixianlejiaoyuguihuagangyaotichudemubiao,danrengdiyu2011nianshijiegeguojiaoyugonggongzhichuzhanguoneishengchanzongzhidebilipingjunwei4.8%deshuiping。erzaiwoguojingjixiaxingyalizengjiahezhengfucaizhengshouruzengzhangsudujianhuandexingshixia,gongguyiyoutourushuiping,jinyibutigaojiaoyujingfeibaozhangyuguanlishuiping,cujinjiaoyugongpinghezhiliangdetisheng,rengranshiquanmianluoshijiaoyuyouxianfazhanzhanlvediweidejianjurenwu。

巴黎人威尼斯人   《zhongguojiaoyubao》2015nian5yue6ridi7ban 

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